In the late 1800’s, Germany established a colony in modern-day Namibia. As the German settlers began claiming land, they were met with intermittent resistance from the Nama and Herero people; this conflict eventually led to an organized revolt against the Europeans. In 1904, the Germans shifted their policies from one of quelling uprisings to a systematic effort to execute the male population while driving the women and children into the desert to starve. By the end of 1904, this policy had been countermanded by officials in Europe, leading to a second shift in objectives that resulted in the establishment of concentration camps. Not unlike the system that would be constructed during the Holocaust, the prisoners were used as slave labor for German companies who were attempting to establish a foothold in occupied territories.
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